Marco Antonio de Dominis was born in 1566 on the island of Rab, Croatia. Prior to attending the Society of Jesus, he enrolled in various education institutions such as university of Padua and the Illyrian college. De Dominis made huge strides in his education rising above the fray to become a leading mathematician. He was simply iconic in everything he ventured in especially in mathematics, theology and science.
Even though his education at Loreto was marked with controversies because of his involvement with the Jesuits, De Dominis overcame his challenges to become a mathematics teacher at Padua and Brescia. His continuous commitment also saw him being employed as a professor of mathematics and rhetoric at Padua and Brescia respectively.
In the year 1596, De Dominis was appointed as a Bishop and this was largely because of imperial influence. His appointment also came about as a result of the numerous endeavors and his contributions to the church. However, his position became unendurable for other church officials and the emerging conflicts between Venice and papacy made the situation worse. Nevertheless, theses troubles and predicaments he faced in the church triggered his desire to take part in researches such as the church history, dogmatic theology and ecclesiastical law. His love for true catholic life inspired him to continue researching and unraveling many mystifies that surrounded the catholic faith. Many conflicts and wrangling occurred but the most notable one was between the republic and Pope Paul V. The fact that he sided with Venice raised a lot of disagreements and conflicts with other bishops and clergy leading to the loss of crucial financial cases. These differences because uncontrollable leading to his resignation and further retirement to Venice.
Departure to England
Various investigations were made triggering his association with the English ambassador to Venice. The good rapport he built with Sir Henry Wotton was the genesis of his long term relationship with the English. He was promised a good welcome prompting his departure to England in 1666. The entire England welcomed whim with open arms having received a series of criticism from Italy because of the attacks he had publicly published about Rome. He received an official welcome in England by James 1. His stay in England was followed by a series of anti Roman sermons that were published in London. De Dominis was given superior treatment and entered into direct pension as an assistant. In many ways, his ability in theology remains undisputed despite facing many controversies. In 1620, his fallout with English friends started and this was largely attributed to his covetousness and pride.
De Dominis’ return to Rome
Apparently, Dominis’ attacks on the English Church were as same as those in Rome. Moreover, his declaration that he had intentionally lied in all negative things he said about Rome made everything worse and the English could no longer have faith in him as a friend. After settling in Brussels for about six months, he decided to proceed to Rome where he stayed in a pension that was assigned by the then Pope. When Gregory XV died, Dominis’ pension was stopped and this was the beginning of his woes in Rome.
Then disputes became prevalent with a lot of Inquisitions being made about him. The peak of his predicaments was when he was confined into the Castel Sant’ Angelo. On September 1624, Marco Antonio de Dominis died naturally. Surprisingly, even his death did not stop the trial. His case continued until 20the December of the same year where the judgment was pronounced in Santa Maria sopra Minerva church. His unorthodox opinion was then declared manifest and through the Inquisition order, his body was removed from the casket, dragged along the streets of Rome, and finally burnt together with all his works in the Campo DI Fiore, 1624 on December 21.
In the end, Marco Antonio de Dominis’ Reditus consilium publication was banned in the city of Venice due to its uncompromising content about the catholic faith and the life of the pope. As a cleric and theologian, he was continuously discredited in almost all the cities he visited. To date, his name is still remembered for the good work he did and the numerous controversies he attracted. His contribution to theology and mathematics will never be forgotten.