Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger

Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger was born on October 25, 1856 and died December 24, 1936 in Zagreb, Croatia. He finished his primary education in Zagreb studied paleontology in Zurich, Switzerland. Then moved to Muchen to learn from his lecturer Karl Zittel, who was well known for his expertise in the field of paleontology and anatomy. He received a doctoral degree at the age of 23 in Tubingen, Germany, with his work relating to fossilized fishes. A year later he became a curator Mineralogical Department of the Croatian National Museum. He also mapped out Mount Medvednica with the help of an archeologist named Duro Pilar. He then changed his last name to Gorjanović in year 1890. Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger is a well renowned scientist, whose expertise were in the line of paleontology, geology, and archeology.He was also a lecturer and an author of different scientific studies which was publihed in many prestigious scientific journals in Europe. He is one of the University of Zagreb’s honorary doctors. And was a full professor in 1896.

Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger was the man liable for the discovery of the Krapina man in a Neanderthal site near the Croatian town of Krapina back in 1899. His discovery easily spread not only in Europe but all through out some parts of the the globe. He spent his life conducting extensive studies on the skeletal material, ecological conditions and the cultures of people who once lived in Croatia. His realization that the difference in human stature and them having their own individuality was due to evolution, which he was able to prove through time, backed by thorough scientific researches. Existence of early humans, considered as the ancestors of the modern man, which he referred to as Homo primigenius, was proven by his interpretation and analysis of their fossil remains. To this date Home primigenius are reffered or classified as Homo neanderthalensis. By his discoveries he was able to prove the evolution theory of human species and made a great contribution to how the world looks at it.

He initiated the study of skeletons of modern humans and created techniques that examines the fluorine in bones to calculate the age of the bones. In 1895 he analyzed inner bone structure using the then newly discovered X-ray machines.The publication of his work was the most comprehensive work that has been written in the area of the paleontology of man. He was also able to create a few geological maps and continued his quest in scientific research.

He was also the founder of the Geological Commission for Croatia and Slanovia, which catered to pedology, the study of soils in their natural environment, and geological mapping. All through out his carrer, more than 250 papers and works of Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger were published not only in Croatian journals but international papers as well. He was a member of nine different foreign scientific associations. He was a full member of the formerly known Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts in 1909 but was an active associate member since 1891. Even after his retirement, Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger, he remained active, and was still able to publishe 53 works that relates to the Krapina site discoveries between the years 1899 and 1929.