Human Migration

desert sandA group of human beings before 100,000 years gazed at the Arabian Peninsula standing on the shore of Red Sea on its western side. Since Arabian Peninsula was verdant, it tempted them to cross. Whether they crossed or not is made clear with the new analysis which showed that they crossed since tools made of stone in Oman were discovered. This indicates that early humans explored and entered Arabia earlier than what the scientists believed. Researchers are finding new data about the details of humans’ journey map out of Africa and hence it is continually redrawn. The early humans migrated first to Eurasia from Africa approximately 80,000 years ago through Middle East according to archaeological evidence. Some archaeologists suggest that the humans left Africa before 125,000 years through a southern route.

Christian Tryon, an archaeologist says that the discovered stone tools in Arabian Peninsula lack personality. He also said that none of the tools could be identified as African humans’ craftsmanship and it could have been made by any hominids. In the year 2010, Jeffrey Rose who is an archaeologist discovered tools in Oman which were identified as African craftsmanship which convinced Christian Tryon.

Jeffrey Rose says that you can identify the tools’ craftsmanship only when you understand the language of the tools. He also says that since everything gets eroded in a desert climate of Arabia and the only thing that stays is stone, the tools were made of stone. Several archaeologists under Jeffrey Rose discovered around 800 artefacts from Dhofar mountains’ riverbeds in the region of southern Oman. They believe that the stone tools were made from a rock chart with approximately 7 deliberate strikes with triangular blades. Jeffrey Rose identified this toolmaking as Nubian middle stone age which is found only in the region of northeast Africa and never beyond the Nile valley. A scientific journal named Plos One also reports that optically stimulated luminescence dating method showed that the stone tools were 106,000 years old by measuring the radiation in the mineral.

Even though other scientists do not agree completely, the one thing they agree is that the Oman tools show similarity to northeast African tools. Philip van Peer who is an archaeologist said that he is very much excited about this discovery. He said that the Arabian tools are almost more complex than Nubian tools. He said that this proves that the migration took place through the southern route. John Shea who is a paleoanthropologist also says that he is impressive about this study since Jeffrey Rose has been working in very difficult places to find the link between Africa and Arabia. Shea says that the convincing evidence for connection between Oman and Sudan is that they shaped their tools similarly, mainly chipping process. He also says that researches should find fossils of human nearby to prove Rose’s theory.

The question is if the humans lived in southern Arabia before 106,000 years, where did they go after that. As archaeologists describe human population dying out is a failed expansion. They also doubt whether they migrated through the northern route to explore the world. If the migration through northern route is proved, then it questions whether the humans went out of Africa 80,000 years ago. Rose suggests that everyone should start thinking about out of Arabia instead of out of Africa. To the question why the early humans entered Arabian Peninsula, Rose suggests that they might have gone due to curiosity.

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